In the first quarter of 2023, the labor market in Russia experienced an increase in the number of vacancies. To a large extent, the trend is expressed in micro and small businesses. Average monthly openings increased during the first quarter by 21% and 26% yoy, respectively. These results are reported by HeadHunter as part of a Russian Business Health Index study in conjunction with marketing agency Calltouch and Tochka Bank.

Named SME areas with the highest increase in the number of vacancies

Medium-sized companies experience slightly less staff shortages, here the growth in the number of vacancies is 15%.

In the first quarter of 2023 compared to the same period in 2022, Russian SMEs in the field of organization of cultural and leisure events (+51% of vacancies year-on-year), entertainment centers (+46% of vacancies year-on-year) and travel agencies (+38% vacancies y/y).

In the Russian labor market, according to the results of the first quarter of 2023, the share of vacancies from SME employers was 33% (one in three vacancies). The growth of the share of SMEs compared to the indicator at the end of 2022 amounted to 2 percentage points, compared to 2020-2021 – 5 percentage points.

Growth of salaries offered in the first quarter of 2023 compared to the same period of 2022

  • In micro-enterprises: 6.9%
  • In small businesses – by 7%
  • In medium-sized companies: 9.9%

The fastest growth in terms of salaries at the end of the first quarter of 2023 in annual retrospective were vacancies in the sectors “Educational Institutions” (an increase in salaries of 80% to 69,500 rubles) and “Telecommunications, communications” (a increase in salaries by 35% to 69,700 rubles).

The growth in the number of vacancies at HeadHunter is associated with the general demographic situation. In the 1990s, due to the crisis, the birth rate in the country fell below the death rate. Thus, the generation, which now constitutes a significant part of the population of working age, turned out to be relatively small.

At the same time, at the beginning of 2022, in connection with the entry of the Russian Armed Forces into the territory of Ukraine and the ensuing crisis, citizens began to leave Russia en masse. 110,000 citizens of the Russian Federation were relocated to Armenia alone.

As Deputy Prime Minister Tatyana Golikova said in February, in 2022 the total number of registered unemployed in the country decreased by almost 30% compared to 2021.


Natalia Gormaleva

Source: RB

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