In the fight against illegal mining, authorities have focused their efforts on the five areas with the biggest impact (1. South of Córdoba, lower Cauca and south of Bolivar; 2. Chocó; 3. Cauca and Nariño; 4. Amazonas, Putumayo and Caquetá; 5. Guanía and the Venezuelan border).
Firstly Esteban Sanchez SotoSince 2017, Barbacoas will use heavy machinery, mercury and cyanide to mine gold in the Telembí Triangle, which includes the municipalities of Roberto Payán and Magüí Payán (Nariño).
They also appear on the most wanted poster Andrés Felipe Úsuga OquendoControl of illegal exploitation and patrols in Ituango (Antioquia) was to be entrusted to the ‘Gulf clan’; And Juan Fernando Gutiérrez BuilesThe person who will be appointed to control mining in the southwest of Antioquia.
(You may be interested in: Illegal mining has increased in Colombia, accounting for 73% of all silt exploitation: report).
Dicar is also after him in the same way. Luis Carlos Berrío CamposHe was appointed regional commander of the ‘Edwin Román Velásquez Valle’ infrastructure of the ‘Gulf clan’ influential in western Antioquia, where Berrío would be responsible for mining control. complete the list Daniel Fernando Uribe Morenoaccused of being the ringleader of the same infrastructure of the ‘Gulf clan’ for control of mining.
In the regions of Antioquia, the ‘Gulf clan’ has a long-standing relationship with illegal mining; it has even been documented that the group sends out ‘patrols’ in the mines at all times monitoring how much gold is being mined per week. Information regarding the ‘tithe’ (extortion) that miners must pay is then calculated.
Moreover, Dicar traces the uses of the ‘Gulf clan’ in Buriticá, the Caucasus and Nechí (Antioquia), where there will even be mining ‘managers’ who are active members of the group.
(You may be interested: The prosecutor’s office uncovered evidence that prompted the conviction of Sara Sofia’s mother).
However, this is not the only criminal structure that has prospered from this activity. According to Dicar, in at least 170 municipalities where organized armed groups are located, there are also mining centers where armed organizations demand 10 percent payment. They charge ‘permits’ to allow miners to enter and operate the machinery and fees to ‘protect’ mining sites.
In areas such as the Chocó region, where the main influence is the ELN, this guerrilla has been found to establish a monthly quota. extortion, including the ‘protection’ of miners and machinery; And in Exploitation areas in the south of the country, which are within the sphere of influence of different FARC dissidents, Fees are also monthly and also include ‘protection’ against Public Power actions.
On X: @JusticiaET
I am Bret Jackson, a professional journalist and author for Gadget Onus, where I specialize in writing about the gaming industry. With over 6 years of experience in my field, I have built up an extensive portfolio that ranges from reviews to interviews with top figures within the industry. My work has been featured on various news sites, providing readers with insightful analysis regarding the current state of gaming culture.