The Moon is “attached” to the Earth in a certain way. But it also revolves around the sun. Its rotation period is 29 days, 12 hours and 44 minutes – this is the duration of one “lunar month” on Earth. Accordingly, a person living on the Moon will spend about two weeks of daytime and about two weeks of night.
From the Moon it will be seen that the Earth remains in the same position. However, Earth’s phase (the shape of the illuminated part of the planet as viewed from the Moon) will change during the lunar month, and the planet itself will rotate in a little over every 24 hours.
In the middle of a lunar night, the Earth would be fully illuminated by the Sun. And because our planet is about four times the size of the Moon, solar eclipses seen from the Moon will also last longer than those on Earth. And every time people on Earth observe a total lunar eclipse, the inhabitants of the moon will see a total solar eclipse.
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