GLP-1 is formed in the body when the body receives nutrients from food. This hormone signals that you are eating and prepares the body to digest food.
GLP-1 secretion can be triggered by macronutrients. These include simple sugars, peptides and amino acids (derived from proteins), and short-chain fatty acids (derived from fats; also produced by bacteria in the gut).
A healthy diet high in GLP-1-producing foods can increase levels of this hormone. Foods containing these elements include nuts, avocados, salmon (they contain healthy fats), eggs (a lean source of protein). Whole grains and vegetables can feed gut bacteria.
In other words, a diet containing plenty of protein, fiber and fat will make you feel full for longer. Therefore, dietary changes are part of weight management and treatment for type 2 diabetes.
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