It is known that 72% of Canadians live permanently south of the 49th parallel. And in general, it turned out that the population is unevenly distributed throughout the country. This is explained by the cold climate and historical and geographical factors.
About half of the Canadian territory is occupied by the Canadian Shield. The geological core of the North American continent is rocky rock covered with a thin layer of soil. Due to the movement of the glaciers, the soil layer from these areas was pushed southward. As a result, the most fertile land moved to the southern tip of Canada.
The vegetation in the Canadian Shield is mostly evergreen boreal forest. And the soil here is not suitable for growing many crops. Therefore, the northern regions of Canada were not so well governed by colonists from the Old World.
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