Adrenal cancer is responsible for 0.02% of all neoplasms in the world, as well as 0.2% of all deaths caused by different types of cancer. The condition happens in the adrenal glandslocated close to the spine – growth occurs due to genetic mutations that are not corrected by the human body.

The adrenals are part of the endocrine system and are responsible for producing substances that control the circulatory system, hormones and sexual function – for example: cortisol and androgen.

Interested in the topic and want to learn more? So keep reading and see what the symptoms and treatments for adrenal cancer are.

What is adrenal cancer?

hour adrenal glands 🇧🇷 or adrenals – responsible for producing substances important to our body, such as cortisol and other hormones that regulate sexual function, such as androgens. Most often, adrenal cancer It is caused by uncontrolled production of these substances and genetic mutations that cannot be corrected by the body.

As it is a rare tumor, there is no detailed information yet about risk factors or habits that may increase the risk of developing cancer. However, it is not always a malignant tumor, and even benign tumors tend to be more common.

Adrenal gland tumors can affect the production of substances such as adrenaline, disrupt the circulatory system, increase pressure and cause tachycardia in patients – this category is known as pheochromocytoma🇧🇷 In other cases, increased androgen production can cause metabolic disorders in the patient’s body.

Major malignant adrenal tumors are adrenal carcinoma originating from the adrenal cortex itself, pheochromocytoma, and adrenal metastases originating from other organs and migrating to the adrenal gland. For example, lung cancer is a type of disease that can “infect” the adrenal gland.

Often urologists or oncologists are responsible for assisting with treatment.

“Pheochromocytoma is a very rare tumor that usually affects people between the ages of 20 and 50. In most cases, surgery is sufficient for treatment. However, when they are malignant (about 10% of cases), other evaluations and complementary treatments are required, such as radio and chemotherapy.”said in an interview with oncologist Fernando Maluf. UOL🇧🇷

Where is the adrenal tumor?

Adrenal tumors are located above the kidneys, near the spine and major blood vessels. More specifically, the adrenal glands are in the retroperitoneum and are divided between cortical and medullary regions – they are even separated by fibrous capsules.

Although the incidence is similar in both sexes, It can affect children aged 1 to 2 years, 7 to 16 years old and adults 40 to 50 years old more.🇧🇷 Usually the problem affects more on the left adrenal, but it can be bilateral in up to 7% of cases.

What are the symptoms of adrenal cancer?

While benign tumors are considered asymptomatic, adrenal cancer has almost no symptoms in its early stages. However, the more advanced the case, the more patients should experience symptoms of other types of cancer, such as pain, anemia, fatigue, weight loss, nausea.

Most common symptoms of adrenal cancer

  • Stomach ache
  • burnout
  • abdominal mass
  • weight loss
  • Hematuria (bleeding in the urine)
  • Fire

In cases of tumors that cause excessive production of substances in the body, patients may experience tachycardia, hot flashes, diarrhea, weight gain, sexual changes, among other symptoms.

How is an adrenal tumor diagnosed and treated?

diagnosis performed with abdominal imagingsuch as ultrasound, but often detailed with other procedures such as tomography, magnetic resonance, PET Scanning, among others.

Surgery is recommended for malignant tumors.

Because there is no precautionary campaign against adrenal gland tumors, doctors often discover the diagnosis through routine examinations. Early diagnosis is very important to increase the chance of successful treatment of the disease.

“The gold standard test is computed tomography with contrast. In some special cases, MRI can also add important information. Imaging tests are essential to determine the likelihood of the lesion being benign or malignant.said urologist Dr. Nilo Jorge Leon.

Treatment will differ for each type of patient, depending on their health and type of cancer, but in general, doctors perform surgery to remove one or both adrenal glands🇧🇷 Fortunately, surgeries can be done in a less invasive way with robotic surgery or laparoscopy – there is of course also common surgery.

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Source: Tec Mundo

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I am Bret Jackson, a professional journalist and author for Gadget Onus, where I specialize in writing about the gaming industry. With over 6 years of experience in my field, I have built up an extensive portfolio that ranges from reviews to interviews with top figures within the industry. My work has been featured on various news sites, providing readers with insightful analysis regarding the current state of gaming culture.


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