Gustavo Petro’s Government presented to the Congress of the Republic on Monday, August 8, a proposal for tax reform, which envisions new taxes on ultra-processed foods and those with high added sugars.
(Also: Petro Tax: taxes brought by the project)
The list is long and has even led network users to speculate that foods like black pudding, arequipe, and meringón will be taxed if the offer is approved. Here, we’re actually talking about what foods are included in the filed tax reform.
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The proposal explains that, in principle, ‘junk food’, known as ultra-processed foods, is the cause of chronic non-communicable diseases. hypertension, obesity, diabetes and some types of cancer.
Therefore, the Government justifies the decision in accordance with a recommendation from the Pan American Health Organization, which emphasizes the need to reduce the consumption of such foods.
The change proposal includes: ultra-processed food products with high added sugars. These:
1. Meat and edible offal, salted, in brine, dried or smoked; edible flour and flour from meat or offal.
2. Sausages and similar products made from meat, offal or blood; food preparations based on these products.
3. Other preparations and preserves made of meat, offal or blood.
4. French fries.
6. Packaged pork rinds.
7. Packaged snacks or appetizers.
8. Sweet cookies with added sweetener.
9. Wafers and wafers, including fillings and wafers.
10. Cupcakes and muffins.
11. Biscuits and sweet cakes.
13. Cocoa powder with added sugar or another sweetener.
14. Chocolate candies.
15. Chocolate-covered fruit and/or other confectionery and pastry products and
other food preparations, not in the form of blocks, tablets or bars, and containing cocoa to which sugar or other sweetening has been added.
16. Cocoa-free candies.
17. Ice cream even with cocoa.
18. Milk-based desserts, including Arequipe.
19. Manjar blanco or dulce de leche.
20. Sauces and soups.
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One of the explanations offered by the proposal was, “Given the importance of some of these products in the basic basket of Colombian households, some goods are they will not be taxed from this tax so as not to affect the incomes of the most vulnerable householdsamong others, mortadella, botifarra, salami stand out among others”.
The proposal understands non-caloric artificial sweeteners (for example, aspartame, sucralose, saccharin and acesulfame potassium), non-calorie natural sweeteners (for example, stevia), and additives that give a sweet taste to foods with calories as “sweeteners”. sweeteners such as polyols (for example, sorbitol, mannitol, lactitol and isomalt). This category does not include juices, honey or panela..
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However, this tax is not levied on the export of the food products in question. Likewise, taxation will be on the manufacturer, the importer or the economically related one.
The sales price constitutes the tax base. In the case of national products, the tax is incurred when the manufacturer delivers them to the factory or facility in the country for distribution, sale or exchange, or for advertising, promotion, donation, commission or self-consumption.
(In context: Tax reform: The Petro project presented today will have 10 points)
On the other hand, with foreign products, tax is attributed upon entry into the country.
This tax also does not generate sales tax (VAT) deductible taxes.
In previous weeks, even without knowing the details of the proposal presented this Monday, expert voices have spoken of what the tax on so-called ultra-processed foods will entail. For these, A few highly consumed items of the family basket will have the new tax..
One of the effects they pointed out at the time would be observed in prepared meats and delicatessen products. grilled burgers hot dogs sold in commercial establishments, as well as pepperoni, chorizo, salami and ham, among others.
(Read more: Tax on soft drinks affects the poor 4 times more than the rich)
High-income households were 0.28 percent of their monthly purchases for this product category, while vulnerable families weighed almost twice (1.8 times) the Danish figures, and a similar situation would have arisen at enrollment. fried potatoes With the new tax, this product is 1.7 times heavier in a poor family’s family shopping cart than a high-income family.
Another category that will have a greater impact for vulnerable families is sweets and candies. In this context, according to Dane data, these products represent 0.04 percent of the monthly purchases for an upper-class household, while representing 0.1 percent, or 2.5 times, for a poor family.
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Another important effect is that the new tax instant soups and creamsa product that is three times heavier in monthly purchases for a vulnerable household than a wealthy household because it weighs 0.12 percent in monthly purchases in the former versus just 0.04 percent in the latter.
PORTFOLIO.CO AND ELTIEMPO.COM