He James Webb Space Telescope He is already a professional in the field of remote object detection. Now it’s your turn oldest engro hole this has ever been observed. It is believed that it was formed 400 million years after the Big Bang, which is 13,000 million years old. This makes it quite unique. But it has more features.

First of all, its size is striking, which challenges existing knowledge about black holes. But secondly, the way it happens consumes his galaxy.

It is well known that supermassive black holes They usually form in the center of galaxies from which they feed. But the thing about the oldest black hole ever recorded is that it is feeding on itself at a breakneck pace, meaning both could soon disappear. The galaxy because it was swallowed up by a black hole and has nothing left to feed on.

Oldest black hole ever discovered

Black holes cannot be seen. If astronomers can detect them, it is only thanks to their accretion disk. These are disks of gas and dust that swirl around a black hole, which in turn pulls them in. We already know that they are so massive that they attract everything to themselves. Nothing beyond a certain distance, known as the event horizon, can escape them. There’s not even light.

So this disk is created material swirled around. The gas included in its composition heats up so much that it releases a large amount of energy, which can be detected by telescope instruments.

This is what made it possible to make sure that in the center galaxy GN-z11 there was a big black hole. It was particularly energetic, so much so that, according to measurements taken, its mass should have been several million times larger than our Sun. The James Webb Telescope, which specializes in imaging very distant objects, was able to detect it and calculate its age, making it the oldest black hole ever discovered. But there is something else that attracts attention.

Too big to be true

Although there are still some mysteries about the origin of black holes, they are believed to be formed as a result of the collapse of ancient stars reaching the supernova explosion phase. If the exploding star was very massive, a black hole is formed, which gradually becomes absorbent material around him, becoming larger.

Initially it is a dense and small core. Or so they thought. However, despite its antiquity, this black hole seems Too big. There wouldn’t be enough time for him to grow that much. Does this mean that black holes can be born large? This would contradict everything that is known about them so far.

This was one of James Webb’s greatest discoveries.

The oldest black hole is also glutton

Measurements taken around this black hole showed that it was not actually born big. Its peculiarity is that it attracts matter to itself with a force much greater than that of others young black holes.

This may indicate some peculiarity in the formation of black holes. the oldest this still eludes scientists. What is clear is that it is absorbing at such a rate that in a relatively short time it has grown dizzyingly. And the biggest loser from all of this is your galaxy.

When black holes pull in gas too quickly, they create a wind that, according to the authors of a study just published in Nature, can hinder the development of the galaxy. It is unable to grow, and its small substance falls into the black hole. So it wouldn’t be strange if it eventually disappeared, which would also cause the oldest black hole ever observed to disappear itself.

There is still a lot of time left for this to happen, so scientists can safely observe all the data that makes this object so special. And who knows? With James Webb on their side, they may soon be able to find many more black holes like this one.

Source: Hiper Textual

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