The annual check-up consists of routine examinations aimed at detecting and preventing diseases that are usually silent at first. “This means that What was once deadly can now be treated as a chronic disease.to make the patient live longer and better,” explains the general practitioner Ricardo Golmia responsible for autoimmune diseases at BP – Beneficência Portuguesa de São Paulo.
He says the ideal is to consider factors such as gender, age, family and medical history, and social and psychological status. “The patient should be evaluated as a holistic being, as a whole. With that, you define what is meaningful to each individual.”
Investigating cardiovascular disease is essential for all adults
Marcos Rienzo, medical coordinator of the Health Monitoring and Control Center at Sírio-Libanês Hospital in São Paulo, emphasizes the importance of controlling risk factors for cardiovascular disease, which is the main cause of death in Brazil.
“For adult men and women, it’s usually the first thing you look at. “These are diseases that will take years to manifest, but detecting them early on makes a big difference going forward,” he explains.
In this sense, the doctor recommends it to people over the age of 18. measuring pressure annually to check for the possibility of high blood pressure, and analyze the cholesterol dose in the blood, it is a risk factor for circulatory diseases.
Another disease with a long asymptomatic phase is diabetes. blood test for dose the glucose It allows early intervention by informing whether a person is prediabetic or diabetic, and prevents complications such as untreated circulatory diseases, kidney failure and blindness.
“These are very simple things, low cost and very effective. The cost-effectiveness justifies doing this annually,” says Rienzo.
Tests also vary by gender.
Ricardo Golmia, general practitioner at the Beneficência Portuguesa Hospital in São Paulo, said that female patients between the ages of 40 and their first menstruation lab tests to assess the levels of cholesterol, triglycerides, glucose, iron, thyroid and sex hormones.
It also recommends serological tests to assess its presence. sexually transmitted infections (ISTs), transvaginal ultrasound to evaluate the ovaries, uterine wall, and endometrium, and thyroid ultrasoundcan help detect and diagnose abnormalities.
Rienzo, serological test HIV researchThe virus that causes AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) should be done at least once a year according to the WHO (World Health Organization) recommendation.
pap smear or cervical screening examIt is indicated by both experts for women who have just started their sexual life. Simple and rapid examination can detect changes in cervical cells suggestive of cancer, in addition to signs of infection due to HPV (Human Papillomavirus), sexually transmitted infections and vaginal infections.
Some men have resistance, but there are important specific tests.
Men should also undergo preventive examinations, although it is often not habitual. “They still have a certain ‘resistance’ to this kind of maintenance, but I can talk about some preventative inspections that are indispensable,” Golmia says.
Among them are exams to be determined. sexually transmitted diseases This prostate examinationto assess the presence of changes in the gland, whose annual or bi-annual performance is shown from the age of 40.
Further testing is recommended from the age of 40.
Rienzo recommends other tests to assess cardiovascular health starting at age 40, such as: electrocardiograma rapid examination using electrodes fixed to the skin, and exercise testthat the assessment was made with the person subjected to increased physical exertion.
At this age, it is also recommended for women to perform. annual mammogram. Golmia also Bone densitometryto assess the presence of osteoporosis and prevent possible fractures.
Rienzo recommends the same examination less frequently after menopause, when bone mass loss accelerates. “It shouldn’t be done every year because it’s radiation, so we do it every 2 years,” he explains. He concludes that for men, usually after the age of 70 the topic becomes more relevant.
Other examinations should be evaluated by the accompanying physician, general practitioner or family doctor. The presence of chronic and degenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s, which can occur with aging, can be recognized early by this professional who directs the screening according to need.
The most important thing is that the evaluation with a reliable doctor is done annually with the indication of the necessary examinations according to the specific characteristics of the individual. However, in general, some tests are recommended according to age and gender.
Recommended tests for adults 18 years and older:
- measuring blood pressure
- cholesterol dose
- glucose dose
- tests for sexually transmitted infections
- vaginal and thyroid ultrasound
From the age of 40:
- exercise test
For women aged 40 and over:
- bone densitometry, especially after menopause
For men aged 40 and over:
Source: Tec Mundo
I am Bret Jackson, a professional journalist and author for Gadget Onus, where I specialize in writing about the gaming industry. With over 6 years of experience in my field, I have built up an extensive portfolio that ranges from reviews to interviews with top figures within the industry. My work has been featured on various news sites, providing readers with insightful analysis regarding the current state of gaming culture.