The results obtained could be important for improving the processing of liquids in medicine and technology. To determine how these factors relate to frictional resistance to flow in the pipe, the scientists measured flow rates and pressures for metal pipes of various lengths and diameters using various types of fluids.
The results showed that the classical laws of flow friction are only true for certain combinations of flow rates and pipe sizes. Straws gave a good example of pipes that don’t obey these classical laws. The researchers then found a single mathematical formula that could work for any type of fluid moving at any speed through a pipe of any size.
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