The oldest air mapnow considered lost forever, was found in one medieval parchment stored inside Monastery of Saint Catherine in Egypt. This is dated 129 BC and was made by hipparchusthe greatest astronomer ofAncient Greece.
The discovery was published in the Journal of the History of Astronomy and also reported by Nature and it is due to research coordinated by CNRS (French National Center for Scientific Research). This proved that Hipparchus did indeed compile a catalog of the stars centuries earlier than known attempts.
The medieval manuscript, which is now in the Washington DC Bible Museum, contains a collection of Syriac texts written between the 10th and 11th centuries. In reality, the parchment contained an older text that had been scraped off by a scribe to be reused. In 2017 the pages were analyzed via photos taken in different wavelengths And computer algorithms allowing the hidden text to be made visible.
Some newspapers have appeared stellar coordinates which have enabled us to go back to Hipparchus and to the date these observations were made. The researchers hope to get their hands on other parts of this map thanks to theadvancement of analytical techniquesi, but it could also be that other parts of this map are still hidden in the monastery in Egypt.
Source: Lega Nerd
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