The federal program for the development of genetic technologies, which began in 2019, will be extended to 2030. This decision was made by the government in accordance with the decree of the President of Russia. The main objective of the expanded program is the creation of new hybrids and plant varieties, animal breeds and aquaculture using genetic technologies. It is also planned to develop scientific and technological products for medicine, agriculture and industry. The incorporation of scientific and technological results into industrial production is also an important part of the program.
During the four years of the program, three world-class centers for genome research have been established. They conduct groundbreaking research in genomic research and genetic technologies. The centers include 14 organizations and 945 experts, including young researchers. The centers conduct joint research and development involving external scientific teams to accelerate the development of genetic technologies.
In 2022, the National Center for Plant Genetic Resources was established by NI Vavilov on the basis of the Federal Research Center of the All-Russian Institute of Plant Genetic Resources, and it is also planned to create three national bioresource centers. They will be concerned with the formation, conservation, development and use of the biological collection, including industrial microorganisms, native grape varieties and farm animals.
On September 1, 2024, the law on the state system in the field of genetic information will come into force. The Kurchatov Institute will be the operator of this system, and the National Genetic Information Bank will be created to ensure national security and protect the life and health of citizens. It will ensure sovereignty in the storage and use of genetic data and in the exchange of information between public authorities and the owners of such data. Currently, a trial version of the National Genetic Data Bank software has been created.
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