Leonardo is the second of Europe’s pre-exascale supercomputers. It is expected to be able to achieve higher performance levels 249 petaflops when it is fully operational and opens to scientists and engineers at the Bologna Technopolis (Italy) on November 24th.
At the same time, Europe has two of the four most powerful supercomputers in the Top500 list, behind the system the border US and exaflops fugaku based on ARM from Japan.
Like most supercomputers, will be used for the most demanding applications such as materials science, biomedicine, climate changeengineering, human brain modeling and AI development.
The Leonardo system was created by the French computer company Atos and is based on the BullSequana XH2000 architecture. It consists of two main compute modules called Booster and Data Centric which allow it to run a number of different workloads.
Dream installation and one more step towards quantum computers
According to Athos, the system is equipped with approximately 3,500 Intel Xeon processors and 14,000 Nvidia A100 GPUs. The Booster has 3,456 Intel Ice Lake compute nodes, while the Data Centric module has 1,536 nodes. The latter is based on BullSequana X2140 3-node blade processors with 4th generation Intel Xeon Scalable Sapphire Rapids processors.
According to EuroHPC, Leonardo will be expanded to integrate quantum processors as accelerators in the future. Next year, he will join another pre-exaflop supercomputer, MareNostrum 5, at the Barcelona Supercomputing Center (Spain).
According to EuroHPC, MareNostrum 5 is more for general purpose computing and artificial intelligence and will have a different architecture than Leonardo and LUMI. These are all baby steps to Europe’s first exascale Jupiter supercomputer.. It should arrive in 2023/2024.
A senior European Commission official who spoke to the media explained that the tender for Jupiter has not yet been announced, but it is expected that the system will be able to implement it.over 1000 petaflopswhich is known as exascale when fully functional.
Europe’s progress in supercomputing is impressive. In 2018, there was no network, and by 2024, a network with exascale capacity is expected. And this will be thanks to projects like Barcelona (marenostrum) and Bologna (Leonardo).
Source: Computer Hoy
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