Although low back pain is a series of manifestations that affect most people, centuries later, it is often associated with various physiological causes. It is still difficult to accurately determine its etiology.despite its severity and potential impact on the quality of life of those affected.
Some studies have linked low back pain to physical causes such as injuries, chronic back problems, medical conditions, menstrual cycle and pregnancy, as well as psychological and social factors such as gender, body weight, smoking and mood disorders. Recently, researchers have linked the disturbed condition to insomnia and sleep disturbances.
Although previous studies have proven this association between low back pain and sleep disturbances, Ge Luo and colleagues especially the bidirectional causal relationship between these two variables, concluding “the importance of improving sleep in the comprehensive treatment of low back pain”
How did researchers discover the relationship between insomnia x low back pain?
To prove their hypothesis, the researchers used genetic variants associated with different dimensions of reported insufficient sleep. More than 400,000 Europeans in the Genome Society Study (GWAS) by UK Biobank. More emphasis was placed on the following factors in the responses: insomnia, long sleep duration, short sleep duration, and daytime sleepiness.
They then worked with Mendelian randomization, a technique that facilitates the use of genetic variations to arrive at possible genetic and environmental risk factors, to limit the variables only to sleep deprivation and low back pain factors.
The findings showed a bidirectional causal relationship; This means that both lack of sleep can cause low back pain and low back pain can cause sleep problems. In the case of daytime sleepiness, this may be due to constant low back pain, but not vice versa. The study therefore concludes that improved sleep could theoretically be important in the treatment of low back pain.
ARTICLE – Frontiers in Neuroscience – DOI: 10.3389/fnins.2022.1074605.
Source: Tec Mundo
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